Foot-related Pain and Disability and Spatiotemporal Parameters of Gait During Self-selected and Fast Walking Speeds in People With Gout: A Two-arm Cross Sectional Study
Stewart, S; Morpeth, T; Dalbeth, N; Vandal, AC; Carroll, M; Davidtz, L; Mawston, G; Otter, S; Rome, K
MetadataShow full metadata
Objectives To examine gait parameters in people with gout during different walking speeds whileadjusting for body mass index (BMI) and foot-pain, and to determine the relationship between gait parameters and foot-pain and disability. Method Gait parameters were measured using the GAITRite™ walkway in 20 gout participants and 20 age- and sex-matched controls during self-selected and fast walking speeds. Foot-pain and disability was measured using the Manchester Foot Pain and Disability Index (MFPDI) which contains four domains relating to function, physical appearance, pain and work/leisure. Results At the self-selected speed, gout participants demonstrated increased step time (p=0.017), and stance time (p=0.012), and reduced velocity (p=0.031) and cadence (p=0.013). At the fast speed, gout participants demonstrated increased step time (p=0.007), swing time (p=0.005) and stance time (p=0.019) and reduced velocity (p=0.036) and cadence (p=0.009). For participants with gout, step length was correlated with total MFPDI (r=-0.62, p=0.008), function (r=-0.65, p=0.005) and physical appearance (r=-0.50, p=0.041); stride length was correlated with total MFPDI (r=-0.62, p=0.008), function (r=-0.65, p=0.005) and physical appearance (r=-0.50, p=0.041); and velocity was correlated with total MFPDI (r=-0.60, p=0.011), function (r=-0.63, p=0.007) and work/leisure (r=-0.53, p=0.030). Conclusion Gait patterns exhibited by people with gout are different from controls during both selfselected and fast walking speeds, even after adjusting for BMI and foot-pain. Additionally, gait parameters were strongly correlated with patient-reported functional limitation, physical appearance and work/leisure difficulties, while pain did not significantly influence gait in people with gout.