Understanding the Relationship Between Activity and Neighbourhoods (URBAN) study: research design and methodology
Badland, HM; Schofield, GM; Witten, K; Schluter, PJ; Mavoa, S; Kearns, RA; Hinckson, EA; Oliver, M; Kaiwai, H; Jensen, VG; Ergler, C; McGrath, L; McPhee, J
Built environment attributes are recognized as being important contributors to physical activity (PA) engagement and body size in adults and children. However, much of the existing research in this emergent public health field is hindered by methodological limitations, including: population and site homogeneity, reliance on self-report measures, aggregated measures of PA, and inadequate statistical modeling. As an integral component of multi-country collaborative research, the Understanding the Relationship between Activity and Neighbourhoods (URBAN) Study seeks to overcome these limitations by determining the strengths of association between detailed measures of the neighborhood built environment with PA levels across multiple domains and body size measures in adults and children. This article outlines the research protocol developed for the URBAN Study.