Efficient image copy detection using multi-scale fingerprints
Ling, Hefei; Zou, Fuhao; Yan, Wei-Qi; Ma, Qingzhen; Cheng, Hongrui
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Inspired by multi-resolution histogram, we propose a multi-scale SIFT descriptor to improve the discriminability. A series of SIFT descriptions with different scale are first acquired by varying the actual size of each spatial bin. Then principle component analysis (PCA) is employed to reduce them to low dimensional vectors, which are further combined into one 128-dimension multi-scale SIFT description. Next, an entropy maximization based binarization is employed to encode the descriptions into binary codes called fingerprints for indexing the local features. Furthermore, an efficient search architecture consisting of lookup tables and inverted image ID list is designed to improve the query speed. Since the fingerprint building is of low-complexity, this method is very efficient and scalable to very large databases. In addition, the multi-scale fingerprints are very discriminative such that the copies can be effectively distinguished from similar objects, which leads to an improved performance in the detection of copies. The experimental evaluation shows that our approach outperforms the state of the art methods.