Exploring the Impact of a More Sex Integrated Environment of Saudi Male and Female Employees at Prince Mohammed Bin Abdul-Aziz Hospital
Equality between men and women remain as one of the greatest challenges facing Saudi Arabia. The conservative men have always used discriminative stereotypes to gain control over women and satisfy other selfish interests. According to Zaidi & Ibarra (2010), while women account for 60% of the university students only 21% enter the labor force. This is because the cultural misconceptions discourage many educated women from participating actively in work-related decisions. The World Bank argues that the employers pay women at lower rates than men because women often take time off to care for their children and other family matters (Sidani, 2015). This shows that although the current generation has embraced the changing role of women, a significant number of employers and workers still hold negative beliefs that men are superior to women. This study examines how such perceptions influence the relationships between Prince Mohammad bin Abdul-Aziz Hospital (PMBAH) female employees and their male colleagues. It focuses on the roles social, cultural and religious beliefs and values play in fostering gender equality at PMBAH and other leading public agencies. Findings from this research project will help to understand the integration process and its impact on employees from both genders. The study focuses on external and internal environmental factors such as cultural, religious, and traditions influencing corporate cultures and the relationships between various stakeholders (Salah et al., 2013). Since PMBAH is one of the leading public institutions, other government agencies may find the study’s findings useful to enhance their employees’ work experiences. Furthermore, the findings will be critical in establishing legal and other institutional structures that maximize opportunities for all workers irrespective of their sex and religious affiliations, thereby promoting productivity and innovativeness at the workplace. Being an inductive study, questionnaires were used as the primary data gathering technique. The first part of the survey adapted the descriptive statistics approach; the second section of the survey questionnaires applied the use of thematic analysis alongside the interpretive inductive approach. Thirty-six out of the forty-eight participants asserted that education was important for both men and women. Besides, age considerations play an important role in achieving gender balance in an organization as the variety of points of view drawn from a wide range of age-groups inform the integration of the workplace (Naomi, 2008). Deductively, the participants agreed to the fact that there is a need for sex integration of organizations. Even though they observed a myriad of challenges, most of which are related to their religious beliefs. However, they gave a few proposals that could enhance sex integration in the various organizations apart from the hospital. On the overall, the study found out that most people would prefer an integrated workplace over a segregated one.