Putative Involvement of Adrenergic Receptors in Regulation of Mussel (Perna Canaliculus) Larval Settlement
Young, T; Alfaro, AC; Sánchez-Lazo, C; Robertson, J
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Abstract: Settlement responses were investigated for mussel (Perna canaliculus) larvae after exposure to catecholamines and their precursor metabolites. Settlement and mortality assays were conducted in Petri plates with chemical treatments (L-phenylalanine, L-tyrosine, L-DOPA, dopamine hydrochloride and epinephrine at various concentrations) and controls. The proteinogenic amino acids L-phenylalanine and L-tyrosine were both effective inducers (~65%) of larval settlement at 10<sup>−5</sup> mol l<sup>−1</sup> compared with controls (4%). Exposure of larvae to L-DOPA, dopamine and epinephrine resulted in maximum settlement induction (50, 60 and 51%, respectively) at 10<sup>−5</sup> mol l<sup>−1</sup>. Larval mortalities were low (comparable to controls) across all concentrations of L-phenylalanine and L-tyrosine treatments, whereas high mortalities (>60%) were observed for L-DOPA, dopamine and epinephrine at concentrations ≥ 10<sup>−4</sup> mol l<sup>−1</sup>. Our results indicate that P. canaliculus larval settlement is under endogenous regulation by a catecholaminergic mechanism. Furthermore, the inductive effects of all tested metabolites in the epinephrine biosynthesis pathway point to a putative involvement of adrenergic-type receptors in the regulation of larval settlement in this mussel species.